The 4 things it takes to be an expert

Luiz Eduardo Figueiredo

Do you have what it takes to be an expert?

Spoiler alert: it is beyond the 10,000 hours rule

#1: Pattern Recognition

At its core, expert expertise is about recognition

The ability to recognize complex stimuli as just one thing

A great chess player recognizes positions similarly to the way we recognize faces.

And you know what's gonna come next to an angry face.

Recognition leads directly to intuition — you see a scenario and you instinctively know what to do.

Developing the long-term memory of an expert takes time but they are not all it takes.

#2 Repeated Attempts With Feedback

Basketball players throw thousands of balls in practice

Each one gets feedback

Did the ball go in? How far did I miss?

The key is constant feedback and calibrating your mind

#3 Valid Environment

It needs to be a somewhat predictable environment

Thousands of repeated experiences on a roulette wheel are not going to take you very far

You need a testable and repeatable pattern to make this strategy work and get you the fastest results

#4 Timely Feedback

Tennis players get immediate feedback if their ball was in or out.

Recruiting specialists for a big company might take a while to find out how they did. This makes it harder to recognize the patterns.

The faster the feedback is, easier it is to improve.

#5 Don't get too comfortable

You can become competent in a fairly short period of time

The first few hours of driving a car might be challenging but once it becomes automatic, the more you drive does not improve your performance.

If you want to keep improving, you need to constantly drive yourself in challenging situations.

In order to learn, you have to be practicing at the edge of your ability.

Push it beyond your comfort zone.

This post was inspired on this incredible video by Veritasium — check it out